Liposuction is the commonly used surgery for cellulite removal but did you also know that not all its surgeries are successful. More and more liposuctions are being performed in order to remove cellulite, it’s most likely that more and more unfavorable outcomes and sequel will be encountered. Although there are many successful cases of the surgery there are still some inevitable outcomes during the course of plastic surgery practice.
Any type of major surgery carries a risk of bleeding, infection and an adverse reaction to anesthesia. Risk of complications is usually associated with how large the procedure is, as well as the surgeon’s skills and specific training. The following risks, unpleasant side effects, or complications are possible:
- Bad bruising – this is especially the case if patients have been taking anti-inflammatory medications or aspirin. Patients with a tendency to bleed are also at higher risk of bad bruising.
- Inflammation – the swelling in some cases may take up to six months to settle. Sometimes fluid may continue to ooze from the incisions.
- Thrombophlebitis – a blood clot forms in a vein, causing inflammation of that vein. This may affect liposuction patients, especially inside the knee and on the inside of the upper thigh (when these areas have been treated).
- Contour irregularities – if the patient has poor skin elasticity, has healed in an unusual way, or fat removal has been uneven, the skin may appear withered, wavy or bumpy. This undesirable result may be permanent. The cannula may cause damage that makes the skin appear spotted. Seromas may form under the skin (temporary pockets of fluid), which may need to be drained.
- Numbness – the area that was worked on may feel numb for a while; this is usually only temporary. There may also be temporary nerve irritation.
- Infections – although rare, skin infections may occur after liposuction surgery. Sometimes this needs to be treated surgically, with the risk of scarring.
- Internal organ punctures – this is very rare. If the cannula goes in too deeply one of the internal organs may be punctured. Further surgery may be required. Internal organ punctures can be life-threatening.
- Death – anesthesia carries with it a small risk of death.
- Kidney or heart problems – as fluids are being injected and or suctioned, the change in the body’s fluid levels may cause kidney or heart problems.
- Pulmonary embolism – fat gets into the blood vessels and travels to the lungs, blocking the lungs. This can be life-threatening.
- Pulmonary edema – this may be a result of fluid being injected into the body. Fluid accumulates in the lungs.
- Allergic reaction – there may be an allergic reaction to medications or material used during surgery.
- Skin burns – the cannula movement may cause friction burns to the skin or nerves.
- Lidocaine toxicity – in the super-wet or tumescent methods, too much saline fluid may be pumped into the body, or the fluid may have excessively high concentrations of lidocaine. If lidocaine levels are too high for the patient’s system he/she may experience lidocaine poisoning (toxicity) – initially they will experience tingling and numbness, then seizures, followed by unconsciousness, and possibly respiratory or cardiac arrest.